Theoecology Journal
Charlie Darwin vs Dr. George


The Theoecologyjournal is open access, peer reviewed web-journal that seeks to bridge the gap between the sciences and theology by promoting dialogue and charitable interaction amongst researchers, students, and professors. Please visit The Journal’s Core Values to better understand the unique framework to which this journal ascribes. The Theoecologyjournal is copyrighted and may be used in digital and print format as long as proper methods of citation are utilized. Please see the letter on copyright and manuscripts for guidelines pertaining to the submission of papers. If you would like to submit an article please visit HERE. Additionally, you will want to review the Editorial White Paper before submitting an article.

Editorial Board

Dr. Robert George,
Theoecology Journal Director
Raleigh, NC

Dr. Dwayne Milioni,
Open Door Baptist Church
Raleigh, NC

Dr. Bruce Little,
Center for Faith and Culture,
Raleigh, NC

Dr. Craig Bartholomew,
Redeemer University,
Ontario, Canada

Mr. Michael Schut,
Office, Presiding Bishop
of Episcopal Church

Dr. Steven Bouma-Prediger,
Hope College,
Holland, Michigan

Mr. Tom Rowley,
Director, A Rocha USA,
Frederickburg, TX

Dr. Bruce Ashford,
Dean of College, SEBTS

Dr. Norman Wirzba,
Divinity School,
Duke University

Dr. Reggie Harrell,
Environmental Science,
University of Maryland

Dr. Rusty Pritchard,
“Flourish”, Atlanta, GA.

Dr. Dyron Daughrity,
Pepperdine University,
Malibu, CA

Letters of Recommendation

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Dr. Robert George

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Dr. Dwayne Milioni

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Dr. Danny Akin

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Dr. Bruce Little

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Theoecology Definition by Dr. Robert George
This paper is based on an invited lecture, presented by Prof. Robert Y. George (Science Consultant and Hon. Fellow, L. Rush Bush Center for Faith and Culture) on March 14, 2011 to the Faculty and Ph.D. Students of the Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, Wake Forest, NC.
*please note, this is an essay and contains images resulting in a larger document

Creation Care Founded on the Biblical Narrative (Creation, Fall, Redemption, Restoration) by Dr. Bruce Ashford
In 2006, Harvard biologist and secular humanist E. O. Wilson appealed to evangelical Christians for help in the arena of ecological stewardship. In The Creation, he writes, ‘Let us see, then, if we can, and if you are willing, to meet on the near side of metaphysics in order to deal with the real world we share.’ Against Wilson, however, many intellectuals have argued that Christian doctrine is inherently adversarial toward nature in general and ecological stewardship in particular. This article takes up Wilson’s challenge by providing a concise biblical-theological answer to the most pointed and recurrent ecological critiques of Christianity.
This article’s contribution is found in (1) articulating a biblical-theological framework for understanding the issues; (2) applying that framework to three of the four prominent recurring accusations against Christianity; and (3) doing so in a concise and lucid manner, easily accessible to non-specialists.

Human Impact on Earth’s Temperature and Christian Dilemma by Alexander Glass, Ph.D
Contrary to conventional thinking, human signatures of carbon dioxide input to  atmosphere began much before the industrial revolution in the mid-18th century. Christians who advocate the ‘young earth theory’ (Intelligent Design scholars) dismiss flatly the findings of modern geology. This paper, essentially, focuses on the acceptance of scientific consensus on the prehistoric climate change in geologic time. Some new ideas are discussed to explain the exact causal relationship between temperature and greenhouse gases over the past 800,000 years. This article also throws light on the so called “Milankovitch Cycles”, caused by variations in orbital positions of the earth in relation to sun. The second part of this paper deals with global warming as the “Three Thoughts of A Geologist”: (A) Climate change before the dawn of human (B) Warming and cooling in relation to carbon dioxide and (C) Evidence of greenhouse gas concentrations never before Coenozoic Ice Age reached levels as high as they are today.

Perspectives on Climate Change as Seen from Christian Ethics by Dr. Robert George
Climate change events in the recent decades indicated a silent but potentially devastating process labeled as “ocean acidification”, with steady decline in pH in some coastal waters and some open seas, We also witness today gradual ‘Sea Level Rises’ (SLR) in some coasts and an acceleration in the frequency and amplitude of storms, tornadoes and hurricanes such as ‘Katrina’ in the Gulf of Mexico in 2005 and ‘Irene” with enormous flooding from Outer Banks of North Carolina to New England coast in 2011. This enhanced peak in tropical storms in the north Atlantic coincides with the 6 to 7 year-cycle of El-Nino.  The ocean acidification process and its consequences to shell-bearing marine animals with aragonite and calcite skeletons, a process “out of sight but not out of mind”, is discussed with emphasis on mitigation approaches and economic implications on fisheries resources. This paper also acknowledges the unfortunate exaggerations of the ocean acidification threats by scientists in the light of lack of data. The disagreement between theologians like Dr. Cal Beisner (Climate skeptic) and politicians like Al Gore (Climate alarmist) is discussed with focus on carbon dioxide emission scenario and current controversies. This paper also discusses the damages caused by the recent hurricane Irene to the North Carolina Outer Banks and Inner Banks Communities, particularly the poor people in Pamlico and Beaufort Counties. Christian ethicists under the banner of ‘Cornwall Alliance’ , while negating the seriousness of  climate impacts, are questioning the anthropogenic impact as a factor in global warming. This situation is opening the door for dialogue, rather than a debate with meaningless clash of opinions. This paper appeals for theoecological approaches in the light of Theodore Roosevelt’s original concept of creation of National Parks and the motto of ‘theoecology” concept of 2012, as defined in this new ‘Theoecologyjournal’.
*please note, this is an essay and contains images resulting in a larger document

Creation and Creative Stewardship Responsibility by Dr. Bruce Little
In a recent book Edward O. Wilson, world-known biologist at Harvard, has invited the counsel and help of Christians (in particular Baptist) in a project he calls saving Creation. He readily admits that Christians share a different worldview from his own, but he thinks that need not divide Christians and secular humanists in working together on environmental issues. I happen to agree with Wilson, at least on the pragmatic side of things.

An Ecologist’s Perspectives of Creation Care and Restoration by Dr. Reggie Harrell
Beginning in the 1960s the gap between science and theology widened rapidly because of concerns on environmental protection, restoration, and what the theological community coined eco-theology. Part and parcel to this conflict has been finger-pointing and polarization where, because of loose interpretations of Scripture (e.g., Gen. 1:26-28), Christianity has been blamed for the ills and degradation of our environment. Three key science articles were the vanguard to heighten this divide and only have served to segregate theology (in particular Christianity) from the drivers of science that started during the Enlightenment period and Baconian ideals.  This article addresses these three scientific works from two ecological and one genetics principle and compares it to the biblical narrative of Creation Care especially from a fall and redemption perspective. Included is a discussion on the semantic use of “restoration” versus “recovery” and their implications from a functional dialogue perspective. The final presentation also discusses that science (ecology in particular) and theology (Creation Care) are not incompatible and both look toward the day of creation restoration.

Beauty of the Created Order in Animals: Wilson’s Ants and George’s Isopods with a Critical Look at Hyperdiversity in Isopoda Including Family Munnopsididae by Dr. Robert George
The words ‘created order” (Colossians 1: 16 – 17) embraces all life on earth. The scientific concern of declining biodiversity (Wilson, 2006) and potential collapse of the earth’s ecosystems, such as coral reefs, by 2100 inspired me as a theoecologist not only to promote Christian stewardship of all “Created Order” but also to understand the mechanism of speciation that operates in some genera or species of ants and isopod crustaceans., exhibiting the peculiar and awe-inspiring evolutionary process, rightly labeled as “Hyperdiversity.” This essay focuses first on the ant genus Pheidole that was investigated in detail in the western hemisphere by Harvard entomologist Edward O. Wilson (Wilson, 2003). Similar studies on ants in the high altitudes of Himalayas revealed that hyperdiversity is exhibited in other genera, especially Myrmica and also in Camponotus and Polyrhachis. The second part of this essay deals with the hyperdiversity of some deep-sea isopod genera such as Gnathia and the asellote isopod genus Eurycope that was originally described by the renowned Norwegian carcinologist G. O. Sars. The final part of this essay posits that microevolution has occurred ever since the creation of life on earth in all taxa and the peculiar hyperdiversity or rapid speciation occurred in niches of existing high species diversity.  In essence, not all species, extant or extinct, were created individually by God but these species originated through the process of microevolution that resulted from genetic modulations in DNA base-pair sequences, separating species by reproductive isolation, as induced by allopathic or sympatric speciation . This new idea on microevolution, with religious connotations, is accepted and supported strongly by theistic evolutionary biologists such as Francis Collins who first published his theory in his book on ‘Language of God” (Collins, 2006) and recently amplified his original theistic evolution theory in a 2010 second book, written in collaboration with Gibberson, “The Language of Science and Faith: Strong Answers to Genuine Faith” (Gibberson and Collins, 2010). The main thrust of this essay is to posit my view that modern man was separately created by God in the Garden of Eden and therefore, rejects the theory that modern man neither accented nor descended, as Charles Darwin (1871) proposed, by evolutionary process.
*please note, this is an essay and contains images resulting in a larger document

View the Theoecologyjournal Editorial White Paper